Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

Khutbah Hajjatul Wida (Farewell Hajj) And Concept Of Basic Human Rights (Research Study In The Context Of UN Charter)

Irfan Jafar , Muhammad Azam , Muhammad Saad Dehlavi


The last Hajj performed by the Messenger of Allah is called the Farewell Hajj in two respects. One is that you did the last Hajj and also with reference to the fact that the Holy Prophet himself said in this sermon: O people! By God, I don't know if I will be able to meet you in this place after today. You specifically said, "Ask me questions, learn and ask what you have to ask." I may not be able to meet you like this later this year. It was as if the Holy Prophet himself was saying goodbye. On this occasion, this Hajj is called the Farewell Hajj. The United Nation General Assembly, approved the: "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" on Dec. 1948. Following this historic achievement, the Assembly urged all its member states to make the announcement public and participate in its dissemination. The purpose of this manifesto was to protect basic human rights throughout the world and to find solutions to various problems facing nations. Islam granted the rights granted to man under the United Nations Charter, established in the twentieth century, to him fourteen hundred years ago. The 30 articles of the UN Charter define basic human rights in various ways. These provisions relate to social, religious and human rights. When we compare the Farewell Sermon of the Holy Prophet with this Manifesto, where many similarities come to the fore, the differences are also noticeable.

Pages: 3053-3066

Keywords: Human Rights, United Nations Charter, Last Sermon of the Prophet

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