Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

An Introduction Of Islamic Concept Of State And Non-Islamic Concept Of State: A Comparative Study

Muhammad Manzar Ehsan , Hafiz Hussnain Khaliq , Hafiz Muhammad Aslam Khan , Hafiz Zakirullah , Sumara Perveen


In an Islamic state, the leader is obliged by the Quran to run the affairs of the people using ‘Shura’ (consultation). He is elected based upon confidence to lead, not on his policies, because he is obliged to derive laws based upon the Quran and Sunnah ?and has no option to not implement the clear laws contained therein, even if not convenient for govt:, which provides full protections for people’s rights at all times. In a (Western) secular Democracy, the leaders are not obliged to consult the people in running the affairs (nor fulfill their promises). They derive laws from what is convenient, and may (and do) take away people’s rights using that justification. In Islam, the leader remains in power until he becomes unjust or incompetent. In a (Western) secular Democracy, the leader remains in power despite being unjust or incompetent, and may get elected again if he can lie to the people to persuade them he is the lesser of two evils. An Islamic State is based upon sovereignty to the Creator, who does not change his mind, it not prone to prejudice, bigotry or ignorance. A (Western) secular Democracy is based upon sovereignty of the Individual, who does change their mind, is prone to prejudice, bigotry and ignorance. This article explains deeply about Comparison of Islamic concept of state and non-Islamic Idea of State.

Pages: 5470-5478

Keywords: State, Democracy, Idea of State, comparative study

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