Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

A Review On Load Balancing In Data Routing Of Wireless Sensor Networks

Dinesh Kumar Gupta and Dr. Deepika Pathak


Load balancing is a standard functionality of the router software and it is available across all router platforms. It is inherent to the forwarding process in the router and is automatically activated if the routing table has multiple paths to a destination. It is based on standard routing protocols, such as Routing Information Protocol (RIP), RIPv2, Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP), Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), and Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP), or derived from statically configured routes and packet forwarding mechanisms. It allows a router to use multiple paths to a destination when forwarding packets in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).

Pages: 5479-5491

Keywords: WSN is a subset of Ad-hoc networks. WSN consists of specially distributed autonomous sensors to cooperatively monitor physical or environmental conditions such as temperature, sound, vibration, pressure, motion etc.

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