Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

Research Based Innovations In Education; A Case Study Of Esru In Elementary And Secondary Education Department In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Dr. Mohammad Sohail , Dr. Syed Zafarullah , Farid Ahmad


This paper explores the innovations made from 2010-2015 in the Elementary and Secondary Education through Education Sector reform unit in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Data was collected through the documents and records of the Elementary and Secondary Education Department in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Some interviews of the present and ex officials and decision makers were also conducted for to see the implementation and monitoring process. Parents, teachers, students and other stakeholders were also made part of the population, through which data was collected using random sampling techniques. The study was restricted to three districts out of 35 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. They were Peshawar, Charsadda and Nowshera. The study explores that all the innovations that were made from 2010 to 2015 were political and not researched based. Yet the political leaders opined that it was the publicly motivated innovations. All the teachers rejected the new vision, however students were satisfied to some extent. The parents rejected all the approaches except the monitoring system of the teachers adapted in 2013. All the innovations were not research based and only will of the government initiated them.

Pages: 8224-8232

Keywords: Innovations in Education, Education Sector Reform Unit, Elementary and Secondary Education

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