Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

Prevalence And Risk Factors Associated With Urinary Tract Infection: A Study Of Schools Children, Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Sameer Ul Khaliq Jan , Dr. Ahmad Ali , Tahir Mahmood , Dr. Abdul Shakoor , Dr. Sajjad Ali Khan , Dr. Atta Ullah


The current study aims to analyse the prevalence and risk factors of urinary tract infection among primary school children in Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study was delimited to ten primary schools hence children and parents of the selected schools constituted the population of the study. The questionnaires were distributed among 600 parents through their children enrolled in the selected schools. Furthermore, the urine sample of 384 children collected for laboratory tests who were allowed by their parents for the subject medical diagnosis. The data obtained through urine test results and questionnaires were analysed quantitatively through a chi-square test using SPSS 22. The results indicate a high incidence of urinary tract infections, the majority of which were female students. There was a significant (p=0.005) relationship between UTI and other risk factors such as frequency of attending the bathroom, delaying of urine/pee because of playing etc. Several risk factors were found responsible for the prevalence of UTI. The study recommends that awareness should be created regarding the necessity of a hygienic environment at home as well as in schools.

Pages: 8306-8314

Keywords: urinary tract infection; children; school, prevalence; risk factors

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