Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

The Effects Of Social Isolation On Well-Being And Life Satisfaction During Pandemic


Prof. Salunke Shrikant Dadasaheb , Prof. Dhage Shrikant Narhari, Prof. Punde Amruta A. , Prof. Bere Sachin Sukhadeo

Abstract

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic placed many locations under „stay at home” orders and adults simultaneously underwent a form of social isolation that is unprecedented in the modern world. Perceived social isolation can have a significant effect on health and well-being. Further, one can live with others and still experience perceived social isolation. However, there is limited research on psychological well-being during a pandemic. In addition, much of the research is limited to older adult samples. This study examined the effects of perceived social isolation in adults across the age span. Specifically, this study documented the prevalence of social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as the various factors that contribute to individuals of all ages feeling more or less isolated while they are required to maintain physical distancing for an extended period of time. Survey data was collected from 309 adults who ranged in age from 18 to 84. Items included both Likert scale items and open-ended questions. A “snowball” data collection process was used to build the sample. While the entire sample reported at least some perceived social isolation, young adults reported the highest levels of isolation, χ2(2) = 27.36, p < 0.001. Perceived social isolation was associated with poor life satisfaction across all domains, as well as work-related stress, and lower trust of institutions. Higher levels of substance use as a coping strategy was also related to higher perceived social isolation. Respondents reporting higher levels of subjective personal risk for COVID-19 also reported higher perceived social isolation. The experience of perceived social isolation has significant negative consequences related to psychological well-being.


Pages: 9625-9627

Keywords: In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic, prompting most governors in the world to issue stay-at-home orders in an effort to minimize the spread of COVID-19.

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