Volume 17, No 2, 2020
Strengthening Policies for Economic and Ecological Sustainability through the Enforcement of Environmental Crimes in Third World
This study is motivated to analyze by departing from evidence that the lack of monitoring and evaluation can increase violations and environmental crime. Specifically, this study seeks to analyze the strengthening of environmental policies by highlighting the drivers of environmental crime, and the public policies that need to be formed to reduce environmental crime. By describing from various previous literature, this study found that environmental crime has been transnational with actors from many countries involved. This not only shows the level and geographical extent of crime which is increasingly widespread, but also requires the existence of a legal interface in handling environmental crime. However, an increase in the adequacy and capability of resources in dealing with environmental crimes provided to environmental crime action agencies needs to be strengthened. This is in line with the consideration that limited resources and lack of political impetus result in ineffectiveness in the prevention and handling of environmental crime. Public policies regarding the environmental economy must also actively pressure companies to comply with various environmental regulations and green behavior.
Keywords: Environmental Crime, Third World, Public Policies, Economic and Ecological Sustainability.